The Blue Rose of the Mediterranean
Bodrum, Halikarnas, the Mausoleum of Mausolus by
by Metin Bereketli (c) 2011
31''x 25'' Acrylic on Canvas
Bodrum is a port city in Muğla Province, in the southwestern Aegean Region of Turkey. It is located on the southern coast of Bodrum Peninsula, at a point that checks the entry into the Gulf of Gökova. The site was called Halicarnassus of Caria in ancient times and was famous for housing the Mausoleum of Mausolus, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Bodrum Castle, built by the Crusaders in the 15th century, overlooks the harbor and the marina. The castle grounds include a Museum of Underwater Archeology and hosts several cultural festivals throughout the year.
The name Bodrum derives from Petronium, named from the Hospitaller Castle of St Peter. The site was formerly known as Halicarnassus (Ancient Greek: Ἁλικαρνασσός,Turkish: Halikarnas) In Turkish, "bodrum katı" or "bodrum" also refers to a basement, cellar or dungeon.